Looking Out for Our Hooved Friends…

The issue of cattle transportation, although not usually immediately associated with the popular perception of ‘humane societies,’ was always high on Caroline Earle White’s list of concerns. In 1876, seven years before the founding of the AAVS, she went as far as to say that “[n]ext to cattle transportation, the evil which we have felt has most demanded our attention is Vivisection.”[1] Her watering fountains, distributed throughout Philadelphia, supported not only horses and dogs, but also served to quench the thirst of cattle, with the WSPCA citing at least once incident of a near-stampede of cattle to one of the fountains in 1890. Some of these fountains remain standing today after many years of service. Pictured below is the one founded with a bequest from long-time WSPCA member, Annie L. Lowry. (On the right, see Caroline Earle White in black, and, to the left, a photo of the author in December 2014.)

For example, In 1910 they boasted that their twenty-six fountains had watered 300,711 horses, 25,499 smaller animals and 170,652 had a drink. [2]

1. Women’s Branch of the Pennsylvania Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. Seventh Annual Report of the Women’s Branch of the Pennsylvania Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. Philadelphia, 1876, page 4.

2. Women’s Branch of the Pennsylvania Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. Forty First Annual Report of the Women’s Branch of the Pennsylvania Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, 1910, page 7.

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